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Role of Bureaucracy in Democracy | GS Paper 2 Notes
- Bureaucracy is thought to be antithetical to Democracy as the former seems to be non-elected rule
- But in actuality they are complementary
- Democracy needs to be responsive to the people’s demands but bureaucracy decreases responsiveness due to rigid hierarchical and procedural structures
- But this also eliminates/minimizes political discretion
- In traditional democracy people choose their representatives according to the policy choices but sometimes those policy promises are unreal
- Bureaucracy moderates and brings pragmatism in policy decisions, has major role in implementation
- It is the face of the govt. at the grassroot level and hence its conduct defines the perception of governance
- Agency-led (autonomous) administration of policies has increased the importance of bureaucracy in India
- Bureaucrats are the major points of accountability to public
- People’s expectation forces politicians to put pressure on bureaucrats to perform and deliver. This causes self-correction of corruption
- Due to systemic corruption the Steel Frame of India is now being called the Steal Frame of India.
- Recent innovations in governance, use of technology, rights based approach and social accountability mechanisms have increased transparency and thus faith in bureaucracy
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